Week 1

Here are some notes from my quiz of week 1:

Word to use

Word to avoid

Những từ concrete mà link đến những specific objects: cụ thể rõ ràng.

Ex: We installed a new printer in the office.

 

Not abstract (resource, aspect, item, facility): trừu tượng.

Ex: We installed a new facility in the office.

 

Concise, economical, not pompous words or redundant words: ngắn gọn, vừa đủ, k dùng những từ bóng bẩy hay dư thừa.

 

verbose (scintillate, scintillate, globule vivific): rườm rà

redundant (recur again, cooperate together): dư thừa

Những từ clear: dùng because thay cho as vì as refer to time rather than reason. ambiguous (as/since, and/or): mơ hồ.

 

Những từ dùng hiện hành thông dụng, k dùng những từ thời xưa nay k dùng nữa. archaic (we deem it advisable, we hereby acknowledge, amongst, whilst, perusal, the said document)

 

Formal words, not casual, spoken expressions.

 

abbreviations (e.g., etc., i.e., viz) colloquialisms (a stint with, in the throes of) contractions (I’d, it’s, we’d, you’ll, don’t)

 

Words that are already in the dictionary.

 

coined words (crowdsourcing, criticality, biosimilar, relatable): từ được chế ra.

 

  initialisms and COIK acronyms (clear only if known to the reader): các từ dc viết tắt và viết tắt của từ COIK.

 

Original, fresh words and expressions.

Từ thuần tuý, bộc lộ cảm xúc.

buzz expressions/clichés (synergy, ballpark figure, gameplan, revenue driven, going forward, at the end of the day)

 

Simple words. Don’t use big words to ‘sound smart’.

 

pompous (Sedulously eschew all polysyllabic profundity.): hào nhoáng, làm mất đi âm sắc của ý nghĩa, uyên thâm sâu xa.

esoteric (quotidian): bí mật, bí truyền.

 

Appropriate jargon (term) that you know your readers will be familiar with. unnecessary/unfamiliar jargon (to the arboreal primates)

 

Consistent terminology. Once you start to use a noun, keep using it for consistency. Don’t vary it for variety: dùng thuật ngữ nhất quán xuyên suốt, k thay đổi chỉ để cho đa dạng. ‘thesaurus syndrome’ (firm, company, organisation, corporation; program, project, job, assignment): kiểu nguyên 1 kho từ điển.
Authoritative, not ‘wishy-washy’ (mơ mộng???). Convince your reader that you are an authority on the topic that you are writing about. apologetic (due to time constraints)

equivocal (tends to stem from)

defensive (After reading this report, I hope you find it satisfactory)

-> Kiểu k chắc chắn.

Sincere/genuine: I would appreciate a reply.

 

presumptuous: giả định

I presume you will do me the courtesy (lịch sự, nhã nhặn) of a reply.

Measured, not exaggerated: Đc đo lường giá trị, k phóng đại.

Ex: Those statistics are well established.

hyperbolic: cường điệu.

Those statistics have been around for decades.

Impartial, not biased

Công bằng

biased (Obviously, we prefer to use our own experts.)

polemic (Everyone should be able to read statistics.): tranh luận mạnh mẽ ý kiến nào đó.

Positive tone “This shop stays open till 8 pm” rather than “This shop closes at 8 pm”.

Kiểu mang tính tốt đẹp, khẳng định các kiểu.

negative (bar, fail, decline, reject, exclude)

 

Correct spelling

 

incorrect spelling, confusable words (affect/effect; lead/led; principal/principle, stationary/stationery)

 

Familiar, not foreign

Từ quen thuộc.

foreign (modus operandi, quid pro quo, fait accompli, chutzpah)

 

Inclusive of gender

Ex: Every employee enjoys their time off. All employees enjoy their time off.

K nên phân biệt giới tính (discriminatory).

discriminatory (the generic ‘he’ or ‘she’)

Ex: Every employee enjoys his time off. Every employee enjoys her time off.

Unless you are writing about organisations that employ only female or only male staff.

 

 

Tránh những từ ‘weasel’ in the opposite column.

 

weasel (‘crutch’) words (absolutely, actually, apparently, as it was, basically, certainly, clearly, definitely, essentially, frankly, fundamentally, generally, highly, literally, merely, naturally, obviously, quite, really, simply, to be honest, very, virtually, with all due respect)